The Territory

[EN]

The low urbanization, the absence of industrial possession and, at the same time, its proximity to arterial road (12 km from the highway tollgate of Fornovo di Taro, Cisa Highway) it offers a particularly interesting settlement situation.  

The Ceno Valley offers unspoiled landscapes where you can go biking, clean water from the river Ceno where you can swim and sunbathe. You will find 5 “sites of community interest”, particularly valuable naturalistic areas, acknowledged and protected by the European Union.

 

 

 

A few ancient settlements, dating back to the Neanderthal times, were found in areas rich with siliceous rocks, which were used to make hunting tools: knives and arrowheads. The ceonomani Ligurian population were taken over by the Romans (the area was part of the Valleia municipality and was affected by Pagi and Vici described in the Tabula Velleiate).

The high middle ages small Lombard settlements emerged, Varsi is attributed the highest deposit of Lombard parchments present in Italy and the development of the francigena road network (known as “francigena road”) through which the Northern Europeans arrived to Rome. From the twelfth century the presence of large feudal families, the Landi’s (in Bardi), the Scotti’s (in Varsi) and the Pallavicino’s (in Varano dè Melegari), determined the construction of important castles, among which stands out – for bold architecture – the Bardi castle. 

 

In antique times the area was particularly rich in vineyards especially married trees to fruit trees according to the Etruscan method, the portions of fields cultivated with cereals and fodders were intercalating.

The Valceno and Vianino wines in particular (right behind our company), were famous in being the “most excellent” in the descriptions given by authors from the 600’s, just like the Vianino ham which was sumptuously laid on the Grand Duchess Marie Louise’s table.

 

The valley is also characterized by an anthropic presence dating back to prehistoric times and has maintained population continuity over the centuries.